Battery Management System Hardware Concepts: An Overview
AbstractThis paper focuses on the hardware aspects of battery management systems (BMS) for electric vehicle and stationary applications. The purpose is giving an overview on existing concepts in state-of-the-art systems and enabling the reader to estimate what has to be considered when designing a BMS for a given application. After a short analysis of general requirements, several possible topologies for battery packs and their consequences for the BMS’ complexity are examined. Four battery packs that were taken from commercially available electric vehicles are shown as examples. Later, implementation aspects regarding measurement of needed physical variables (voltage, current, temperature, etc.) are discussed, as well as balancing issues and strategies. Finally, safety considerations and reliability aspects are investigated. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (ZIP, 12 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Lelie, M.; Braun, T.; Knips, M.; Nordmann, H.; Ringbeck, F.; Zappen, H.; Sauer, D.U. Battery Management System Hardware Concepts: An Overview. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 534.
Lelie M, Braun T, Knips M, Nordmann H, Ringbeck F, Zappen H, Sauer DU. Battery Management System Hardware Concepts: An Overview. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(4):534.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lelie, Markus; Braun, Thomas; Knips, Marcus; Nordmann, Hannes; Ringbeck, Florian; Zappen, Hendrik; Sauer, Dirk U. 2018. "Battery Management System Hardware Concepts: An Overview." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 4: 534.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.