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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(4), 533; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8040533

Attosecond-Resolved Electron Dynamics in Many-Electron Atoms: Quantitative Theory and Comparison with Measurements

Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute, National Hellenic Research, Foundation, 48 Vasileos Constantinou Avenue, 11635 Athens, Greece
Received: 13 February 2018 / Revised: 24 March 2018 / Accepted: 27 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extreme Time Scale Photonics)
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Abstract

A variety of processes originating from the interaction of atomic or molecular N-electron states with strong and/or hypershort radiation pulses can be understood quantitatively only by first determining with good accuracy the solutions of the many-electron time-dependent Schrödinger equation (METDSE) that describe the corresponding physics. The METDSE is solvable nonperturbatively via the state-specific expansion approach (SSEA). SSEA solutions have been used, or can be used, for quantitative explanation and numerically reliable predictions of quantities that have been measured or are measurable in modern laser-driven experiments that can track, with hypershort (attosecond) time resolution, the effects of electron rearrangements in atoms and molecules. The calculations take into account in a transparent way the interplay between the phenomena and the electronic structures of the physically significant states in discrete and multichannel continuous spectra, including multiply- and inner-hole–excited resonance states. The discussion focuses on novel topics of time-resolved many-electron physics and includes a comparison of our predictions to recent quantitative measurements of attosecond-resolved generation of the profile of the ( 2 s 2 p ) 1 P o doubly excited resonance state of helium during photoionization and of the relative time delay in photoemission of the (2s,2p) electrons of neon. View Full-Text
Keywords: time-resolved hyperfast electronic processes; time-dependent Schrödinger equation; state-specific expansion approach; attosecond science time-resolved hyperfast electronic processes; time-dependent Schrödinger equation; state-specific expansion approach; attosecond science
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Nicolaides, C.A. Attosecond-Resolved Electron Dynamics in Many-Electron Atoms: Quantitative Theory and Comparison with Measurements. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 533.

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