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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 252; doi:10.3390/app8020252

Application of the Hybrid Simulation Method for the Full-Scale Precast Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Structure

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology at Weihai, Weihai 264209, China
2
Harbin Institute of Technology, School of Civil Engineering, Harbin 150090, China
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
4
College of Civil Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225127, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 January 2018 / Revised: 1 February 2018 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 8 February 2018
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Abstract

The hybrid simulation (HS) testing method combines physical test and numerical simulation, and provides a viable alternative to evaluate the structural seismic performance. Most studies focused on the accuracy, stability and reliability of the HS method in the small-scale tests. It is a challenge to evaluate the seismic performance of a twelve-story pre-cast reinforced concrete shear-wall structure using this HS method which takes the full-scale bottom three-story structural model as the physical substructure and the elastic non-linear model as the numerical substructure. This paper employs an equivalent force control (EFC) method with implicit integration algorithm to deal with the numerical integration of the equation of motion (EOM) and the control of the loading device. Because of the arrangement of the test model, an elastic non-linear numerical model is used to simulate the numerical substructure. And non-subdivision strategy for the displacement inflection point of numerical substructure is used to easily realize the simulation of the numerical substructure and thus reduce the measured error. The parameters of the EFC method are calculated basing on analytical and numerical studies and used to the actual full-scale HS test. Finally, the accuracy and feasibility of the EFC-based HS method is verified experimentally through the substructure HS tests of the pre-cast reinforced concrete shear-wall structure model. And the testing results of the descending stage can be conveniently obtained from the EFC-based HS method. View Full-Text
Keywords: equivalent force control; hybrid simulation; full-scale; nonlinear seismic performance; descent stage equivalent force control; hybrid simulation; full-scale; nonlinear seismic performance; descent stage
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Z.; Wang, H.; Wang, H.; Jiang, H.; Zhu, X.; Wang, K. Application of the Hybrid Simulation Method for the Full-Scale Precast Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Structure. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 252.

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