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Metals 2016, 6(7), 158;

Substructural Alignment during ECAE Processing of an Al-0.1Mg Aluminium Alloy

BCAST, Institute of Materials and Manufacturing, Brunel University London, Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK
Academic Editor: Nong Gao
Received: 24 May 2016 / Revised: 4 July 2016 / Accepted: 5 July 2016 / Published: 12 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aluminum Alloys)
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An investigation has been carried out into the microstructures developed during the early stages of equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) in a polycrystalline single-phase Al-0.13Mg alloy, with emphasis on the substructural alignment with respect to the die geometry and the crystallographic slip systems, which is essentially related to the grain refinement and texture development during deformation. The material was processed by ECAE at room temperature to three passes, via a 90° die. Microstructures were examined and characterized by EBSD. It was found that dislocation cell bands and microshear bands were respectively the most characteristic deformation structures of the first and second pass ECAE. Both formed across the whole specimen and to align approximately with the die shear plane, regardless of the orientation of individual grains. This confirmed that substructural alignment was in response to the direction of the maximum resolved shear stress rather than to the crystallographic slip systems. However, a significant fraction of material developed preferred orientations during deformation that allowed the coincidence between the crystallographic slip systems and the simple shear geometry to occur, which governed texture development in the material. The third pass deformation was characterized with the formation of a fibre structure with a significant fraction of high angle boundaries, being aligned at an angle to the extrusion direction, which was determined by the total shear strain applied. View Full-Text
Keywords: ECAE; simple shear; deformation structure; substructural alignment; EBSD ECAE; simple shear; deformation structure; substructural alignment; EBSD

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Huang, Y. Substructural Alignment during ECAE Processing of an Al-0.1Mg Aluminium Alloy. Metals 2016, 6, 158.

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