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Insects 2017, 8(3), 93; doi:10.3390/insects8030093

Insecticides for Suppression of Nylanderia fulva

1
Gowan Company, LLC; Yuma, AZ 85365, USA
2
Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service (USDA ARS), Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
4
Tropical Research & Education Center, Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Homestead, FL 33031, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Changlu Wang and Chow-Yang Lee
Received: 30 June 2017 / Revised: 25 August 2017 / Accepted: 28 August 2017 / Published: 31 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Pest Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2591 KB, uploaded 31 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Nylanderia fulva (Mayr) is an invasive ant that is a serious pest in the southern United States. Pest control operators and homeowners are challenged to manage pest populations below acceptable thresholds. Contact and bait insecticides are key components of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy, however, little is known about their efficacy. In repellency and efficacy bioassays, N. fulva were not completely repelled by any insecticide tested, although fewer ants crossed a surface treated with Temprid®. Few insecticides provided rapid control. Termidor® and Temprid® were the best performing with mean mortality of 100% in 13.4 and 19.0 days, respectively. In no-choice bait acceptance studies, it was shown that N. fulva generally had greater acceptance of carbohydrate-based ant baits (Advion®, InTiceTM (gel), and InTiceTM (granular)). However, mortality was low for the InTiceTM baits in a 7-day bioassay. Maxforce® Ant Killer Bait Gel and Advance® 375A in the spring and Maxforce® Complete in the summer and fall required the fewest days to reach 100% mortality. Bait active ingredients that resulted in the highest mortality were hydramethylnon and fipronil. These data on the efficacy of commercially available contact and bait insecticides provide valuable information to manage this invasive pest. View Full-Text
Keywords: Nylanderia fulva; tawny crazy ant; suppression; control Nylanderia fulva; tawny crazy ant; suppression; control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Calibeo, D.; Oi, F.; Oi, D.; Mannion, C. Insecticides for Suppression of Nylanderia fulva. Insects 2017, 8, 93.

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