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Insects 2017, 8(3), 92; doi:10.3390/insects8030092

Efficacy of Chlorantraniliprole in Controlling Structural Infestations of the Eastern Subterranean Termite in the USA

Department of Entomology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC, Greensboro, NC 27409, USA
Syngenta AG, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
These authors contributed equally to this paper.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Changlu Wang and Chow-Yang Lee
Received: 17 July 2017 / Revised: 21 August 2017 / Accepted: 28 August 2017 / Published: 31 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Pest Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1517 KB, uploaded 31 August 2017]   |  


Subterranean termites are the most economically important structural pests in the USA, and the eastern subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) (Dictyoptera: Rhinotermitidae) is the most widely distributed species. Soil treatment with a liquid termiticide is a widely used method for controlling subterranean termites in structures. We assessed the efficacy of a nonrepellent termiticide, Altriset® (active ingredient: chlorantraniliprole), in controlling structural infestations of R. flavipes in Texas, North Carolina, and Ohio and determined the post-treatment fate of termite colonies in and around the structures. In all three states, microsatellite markers indicated that only one R. flavipes colony was infesting each structure. A single chlorantraniliprole treatment provided effective structural protection as there was no further evidence of termite activity in and on the majority of structures from approximately 1 month to 2 years post-treatment when the study concluded. Additionally, the treatment appeared to either severely reduce the infesting colony’s footprint at monitors in the landscape or eliminate colony members from these monitors. A supplemental spot-treatment was conducted at one house each in Texas and North Carolina at 5 and 6 months post-treatment, respectively; no termites were observed thereafter in these structures and associated landscaping. The number of colonies found exclusively in the landscape (not attacking the structure) varied among the states, with the largest number of colonies in Texas (0–4) and North Carolina (0–5) as compared to 0–1 in Ohio, the most northern state. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthranilic diamide; microsatellite; Reticulitermes flavipes; Rhinotermitidae; termite control; termiticide anthranilic diamide; microsatellite; Reticulitermes flavipes; Rhinotermitidae; termite control; termiticide

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jones, S.C.; Vargo, E.L.; Keefer, T.C.; Labadie, P.; Scherer, C.W.; Gallagher, N.T.; Gold, R.E. Efficacy of Chlorantraniliprole in Controlling Structural Infestations of the Eastern Subterranean Termite in the USA. Insects 2017, 8, 92.

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