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Insects 2017, 8(3), 82; doi:10.3390/insects8030082

In-Field Habitat Management to Optimize Pest Control of Novel Soil Communities in Agroecosystems

Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
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Academic Editors: Zsofia Szendrei and Amanda Buchanan
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 15 July 2017 / Accepted: 31 July 2017 / Published: 5 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Habitat Management in Agroecosystems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [257 KB, uploaded 5 August 2017]

Abstract

The challenge of managing agroecosystems on a landscape scale and the novel structure of soil communities in agroecosystems both provide reason to focus on in-field management practices, including cover crop adoption, reduced tillage, and judicial pesticide use, to promote soil community diversity. Belowground and epigeal arthropods, especially exotic generalist predators, play a significant role in controlling insect pests, weeds, and pathogens in agroecosystems. However, the preventative pest management tactics that dominate field-crop production in the United States do not promote biological control. In this review, we argue that by reducing disturbance, mitigating the effects of necessary field activities, and controlling pests within an Integrated Pest Management framework, farmers can facilitate the diversity and activity of native and exotic arthropod predators. View Full-Text
Keywords: tillage; cover crop; soil community; pest control; in-field habitat; novel ecosystem; soil insecticides; seed treatments tillage; cover crop; soil community; pest control; in-field habitat; novel ecosystem; soil insecticides; seed treatments
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pearsons, K.A.; Tooker, J.F. In-Field Habitat Management to Optimize Pest Control of Novel Soil Communities in Agroecosystems. Insects 2017, 8, 82.

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