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Insects 2016, 7(3), 39; doi:10.3390/insects7030039

Lariophagus distinguendus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) (Förster)—Past, Present, and Future: The History of a Biological Control Method Using L. distinguendus against Different Storage Pests

Institute of Zoology/Animal Ecology 220c, Hohenheim University, Garbenstr. 30, Stuttgart 70599, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Christos Athanassiou, Nickolas Kavallieratos, Vincenzo Palmeri and Orlando Campolo
Received: 28 June 2016 / Revised: 26 July 2016 / Accepted: 27 July 2016 / Published: 1 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alternatives to Chemical Control of Stored-Product Insects)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [213 KB, uploaded 1 August 2016]

Abstract

Legal requirements and consumer demands for residue-free products pose a big challenge for pest control in grain stores. One possible alternative to chemical insecticides is biological pest control with the pteromalid wasp Lariophagus distinguendus against the weevils Sitophilus granarius, S. oryzae (Coleoptera: Dryophtoridae), and many other storage pest beetles. The use of this wasp as a biocontrol agent was already suggested in 1919 by Prof. Dr. Hase [1]. Despite many studies on host-finding and behavioral biology, the applied aspect was neglected until 1994. Nowadays the wasps are commercially available and can now even be reared on-site, facilitating their use tremendously. This review highlights the milestones in L. distinguendus research, gives insights in current studies, and ventures a glimpse into the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: biological pest control; Pteromalidae; Lariophagus distinguendus; Sitophilus sp.; Stegobium paniceum; stored product protection biological pest control; Pteromalidae; Lariophagus distinguendus; Sitophilus sp.; Stegobium paniceum; stored product protection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Niedermayer, S.; Pollmann, M.; Steidle, J.L.M. Lariophagus distinguendus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) (Förster)—Past, Present, and Future: The History of a Biological Control Method Using L. distinguendus against Different Storage Pests. Insects 2016, 7, 39.

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