Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Entomopathogenic Fungi Associated with Exotic Invasive Insect Pests in Northeastern Forests of the USA
Previous Article in Journal
Exploring the Role of Rhodtestolin, A Cardio-Inhibitor from the Testes of Rhodnius prolixus, in Relation to the Structure and Function of Reproductive Organs in Insect Vectors of Chagas Disease
Previous Article in Special Issue
Gut Transcription in Helicoverpa zea is Dynamically Altered in Response to Baculovirus Infection
Insects 2013, 4(4), 609-630; doi:10.3390/insects4040609

Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense

2,*  and 3
1 Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Scienses, Saint-Petersburg 194223, Russia 2 Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji 611-0011, Japan 3 Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2013 / Revised: 20 October 2013 / Accepted: 22 October 2013 / Published: 4 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Pathology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [358 KB, 5 November 2013; original version 4 November 2013]   |  


Grooming is a well-recognized, multipurpose, behavior in arthropods and vertebrates. In this paper, we review the literature to highlight the physical function, neurophysiological mechanisms, and role that grooming plays in insect defense against pathogenic infection. The intricate relationships between the physical, neurological and immunological mechanisms of grooming are discussed to illustrate the importance of this behavior when examining the ecology of insect-pathogen interactions.
Keywords: grooming behavior; neural circuit; disease resistance; entomopathogen grooming behavior; neural circuit; disease resistance; entomopathogen
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhukovskaya, M.; Yanagawa, A.; Forschler, B.T. Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense. Insects 2013, 4, 609-630.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert