Next Article in Journal
Myosin Gene Expression and Protein Abundance in Different Castes of the Formosan Subterranean Termite (Coptotermes formosanus)
Next Article in Special Issue
Seasonal Abundance of Aphids and Aphidophagous Insects in Pecan
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Busseola segeta Bowden (Lepidoptera; Noctuidae): A Case Study of Host Use Diversification in Guineo-Congolian Rainforest Relic Area, Kenya
Insects 2012, 3(4), 1171-1189; doi:10.3390/insects3041171
Article

Biologically Based Methods for Pest Management in Agriculture under Changing Climates: Challenges and Future Directions

1,†
, 2
 and 3,*
Received: 13 August 2012; in revised form: 8 October 2012 / Accepted: 12 October 2012 / Published: 9 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pest Control and Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [196 KB, uploaded 9 November 2012]
Abstract: The current changes in global climatic regimes present a significant societal challenge, affecting in all likelihood insect physiology, biochemistry, biogeography and population dynamics. With the increasing resistance of many insect pest species to chemical insecticides and an increasing organic food market, pest control strategies are slowly shifting towards more sustainable, ecologically sound and economically viable options. Biologically based pest management strategies present such opportunities through predation or parasitism of pests and plant direct or indirect defense mechanisms that can all be important components of sustainable integrated pest management programs. Inevitably, the efficacy of biological control systems is highly dependent on natural enemy-prey interactions, which will likely be modified by changing climates. Therefore, knowledge of how insect pests and their natural enemies respond to climate variation is of fundamental importance in understanding biological insect pest management under global climate change. Here, we discuss biological control, its challenges under climate change scenarios and how increased global temperatures will require adaptive management strategies to cope with changing status of insects and their natural enemies.
Keywords: climate change; integrated pest management; insect population dynamics climate change; integrated pest management; insect population dynamics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Chidawanyika, F.; Mudavanhu, P.; Nyamukondiwa, C. Biologically Based Methods for Pest Management in Agriculture under Changing Climates: Challenges and Future Directions. Insects 2012, 3, 1171-1189.

AMA Style

Chidawanyika F, Mudavanhu P, Nyamukondiwa C. Biologically Based Methods for Pest Management in Agriculture under Changing Climates: Challenges and Future Directions. Insects. 2012; 3(4):1171-1189.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chidawanyika, Frank; Mudavanhu, Pride; Nyamukondiwa, Casper. 2012. "Biologically Based Methods for Pest Management in Agriculture under Changing Climates: Challenges and Future Directions." Insects 3, no. 4: 1171-1189.


Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert