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Insects 2011, 2(4), 469-474; doi:10.3390/insects2040469
Article

Termite Incidence on an Araucaria Plantation Forest in Teluk Bahang, Penang

 and *
Received: 8 September 2011; in revised form: 4 October 2011 / Accepted: 11 October 2011 / Published: 2 November 2011
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Abstract: A study was carried out to evaluate the incidence of termite attack on an Araucaria cunninghamii plantation at Teluk Bahang Forest Park (TBFP), Penang. The hilly plantation area was surveyed to determine the diversity of termite species present. Termite specimens were collected from standin Araucaria trees, underground monitoring (aggregation) stations, fallen logs, forest litter and mounds (nests). Seven species of termites were identified from 6 genera; Coptotermes curvignathus, Schedorhinotermes medioobscurus, Schedorhinotermes malaccensis, Odontotermes sarawakensis Parrhinotermes aequalis, Macrotermes malaccensis and Hospitalitermes hospitalis. A total of 289 Araucaria trees were inspected for signs of termite attack. Termite infestation of trees was determined mainly by the presence of mud on the trunk, but particularly around their butts at ground line. The most dominant termite species discovered infesting the Araucaria trees was Coptotermes curvignathus; accountable for 74% of all infestations. Schedorhinotermes medioobscurus and Odontotermes sarawakensis were commonly found infesting dead trees and/or tree stumps. Approximately 21.5% of all Araucaria trees in the plantation forest at Teluk Bahang were infested by termites.
Keywords: termite diversity; Araucaria plantation forest; Coptotermes curvignathus; Teluk Bahang termite diversity; Araucaria plantation forest; Coptotermes curvignathus; Teluk Bahang
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jasmi, A.H.; Ahmad, A.H. Termite Incidence on an Araucaria Plantation Forest in Teluk Bahang, Penang. Insects 2011, 2, 469-474.

AMA Style

Jasmi AH, Ahmad AH. Termite Incidence on an Araucaria Plantation Forest in Teluk Bahang, Penang. Insects. 2011; 2(4):469-474.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jasmi, Aiman Hanis; Ahmad, Abu Hassan. 2011. "Termite Incidence on an Araucaria Plantation Forest in Teluk Bahang, Penang." Insects 2, no. 4: 469-474.


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