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Termite Incidence on an Araucaria Plantation Forest in Teluk Bahang, Penang
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden 11800, Penang, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 September 2011; in revised form: 4 October 2011 / Accepted: 11 October 2011 / Published: 2 November 2011
Abstract: A study was carried out to evaluate the incidence of termite attack on an Araucaria cunninghamii plantation at Teluk Bahang Forest Park (TBFP), Penang. The hilly plantation area was surveyed to determine the diversity of termite species present. Termite specimens were collected from standin Araucaria trees, underground monitoring (aggregation) stations, fallen logs, forest litter and mounds (nests). Seven species of termites were identified from 6 genera; Coptotermes curvignathus, Schedorhinotermes medioobscurus, Schedorhinotermes malaccensis, Odontotermes sarawakensis Parrhinotermes aequalis, Macrotermes malaccensis and Hospitalitermes hospitalis. A total of 289 Araucaria trees were inspected for signs of termite attack. Termite infestation of trees was determined mainly by the presence of mud on the trunk, but particularly around their butts at ground line. The most dominant termite species discovered infesting the Araucaria trees was Coptotermes curvignathus; accountable for 74% of all infestations. Schedorhinotermes medioobscurus and Odontotermes sarawakensis were commonly found infesting dead trees and/or tree stumps. Approximately 21.5% of all Araucaria trees in the plantation forest at Teluk Bahang were infested by termites.
Keywords: termite diversity; Araucaria plantation forest; Coptotermes curvignathus; Teluk Bahang
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Jasmi, A.H.; Ahmad, A.H. Termite Incidence on an Araucaria Plantation Forest in Teluk Bahang, Penang. Insects 2011, 2, 469-474.
Jasmi AH, Ahmad AH. Termite Incidence on an Araucaria Plantation Forest in Teluk Bahang, Penang. Insects. 2011; 2(4):469-474.
Jasmi, Aiman Hanis; Ahmad, Abu Hassan. 2011. "Termite Incidence on an Araucaria Plantation Forest in Teluk Bahang, Penang." Insects 2, no. 4: 469-474.