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Water 2017, 9(8), 578; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9080578

Design, Construction, and Application of an Inexpensive, High-Resolution Water Sampler

1
Division of Natural Sciences, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, IN 46953, USA
2
Department of Microbiology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 July 2017 / Revised: 31 July 2017 / Accepted: 1 August 2017 / Published: 3 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Monitoring and Modeling in Lakes)
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Abstract

The cost of high-resolution water sampling devices for ecological studies and water quality analyses can be prohibitive. Moreover, the potential for operator error in the use of complicated sampling equipment can lead to inaccuracies. Here we describe the construction and operation of an inexpensive and easy-to-use water sampler that achieves a water column sampling resolution of approximately 1 cm. The device is driven by a peristaltic pump and is constructed entirely of non-corrosive and non-reactive materials. The sampler has no moving parts and was completely reliable in fieldwork on temperate and Antarctic lakes. The device is especially suited for the collection of water samples from calm or stagnant surface waters, such as lakes, ponds, reservoirs, and deep swamps or other wetlands. In addition, because its components are unaffected by corrosive salts and sulfides, the device is suitable for sampling calm inlet waters, including shallow bays and estuaries. Because of its low cost, simple construction, compact design, and precision performance, this water sampler is an excellent option for studying and monitoring shallow to moderately deep (<50 m) natural waters. View Full-Text
Keywords: water sampler; limnology; water column sampling; water monitoring; stratified lake water sampler; limnology; water column sampling; water monitoring; stratified lake
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Sattley, W.M.; Burchell, B.M.; Conrad, S.D.; Madigan, M.T. Design, Construction, and Application of an Inexpensive, High-Resolution Water Sampler. Water 2017, 9, 578.

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