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Water 2017, 9(6), 390; doi:10.3390/w9060390

A Study on Coastal Flooding and Risk Assessment under Climate Change in the Mid-Western Coast of Taiwan

1
Department of River and Harbor Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung City 20224, Taiwan
2
Department of Civil Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung City 40227, Taiwan
3
Institute of Marine Environment and Ecology, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung City 20224, Taiwan
4
Center of Excellences for the Oceans, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung City 20224, Taiwan
5
Department of Tourism and Leisure, National Penghu University of Science and Technology, Penghu County 880, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Tito Aronica
Received: 21 March 2017 / Revised: 26 April 2017 / Accepted: 22 May 2017 / Published: 1 June 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1741 KB, uploaded 1 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

This study integrated coastal watershed models and combined them with a risk assessment method to develop a methodology to investigate the impact resulting from coastal disasters under climate change. The mid-western coast of Taiwan suffering from land subsidence was selected as the demonstrative area for the vulnerability analysis based on the prediction of sea level rise (SLR), wave run-up, overtopping, and coastal flooding under the scenarios of the years from 2020 to 2039. Databases from tidal gauges and satellite images were used to analyze SLR using Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (EEMD). Extreme wave condition and storm surge were estimated by numerical simulation using the Wind Wave Model (WWM) and the Princeton Ocean Model (POM). Coastal inundation was then simulated via the WASH123D watershed model. The risk map of study areas based on the analyses of vulnerability and disaster were established using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique. Predictions of sea level rise, the maximum wave condition, and storm surge under the scenarios of 2020 to 2039 are presented. The results indicate that the sea level at the mid-western coast of Taiwan will rise by an average of 5.8 cm, equivalent to a rising velocity of 2.8 mm/year. The analysis indicates that the Wuqi, Lukang, Mailiao, and Taixi townships are susceptive, low resistant and low resilient and reach the high-risk level. This assessment provides important information for creating an adaption policy for the mid-western coast of Taiwan. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; coastal disasters; vulnerability; disaster risk climate change; coastal disasters; vulnerability; disaster risk
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Hsu, T.-W.; Shih, D.-S.; Li, C.-Y.; Lan, Y.-J.; Lin, Y.-C. A Study on Coastal Flooding and Risk Assessment under Climate Change in the Mid-Western Coast of Taiwan. Water 2017, 9, 390.

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