SPH Simulations of Solute Transport in Flows with Steep Velocity and Concentration Gradients
AbstractIn this study, a meshless particle method, smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH), is adopted to solve the shallow water equations (SWEs) and the advection diffusion equations (ADEs) for simulating solute transport processes under 1D/2D conditions with steep gradients. A new SPH-SWEs-ADEs model is herein developed to focus on the numerical performance of solute transport in flows with steep velocity and concentration gradients, since the traditional mesh-based methods have numerical difficulties on solving such steep velocity/concentration gradient flows. The present model is validated by six benchmark study cases, including three steep concentration gradient cases and three coupled steep concentration/velocity gradient cases. The comparison between the simulated results and the exact solutions for the former three cases shows that complete mass concentration conservation in pure advection-dominated flows is preserved. The numerical oscillation in concentration and the negative concentration resulted from the discretization of the advection term of ADEs can be totally avoided. The other three cases confirm that this model can also well capture coupled steep gradients of velocities and concentrations. It is demonstrated that the presented solver is an effective and reliable tool to investigate solute transports in complex flows incorporating steep velocity gradients. View Full-Text
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Chang, Y.-S.; Chang, T.-J. SPH Simulations of Solute Transport in Flows with Steep Velocity and Concentration Gradients. Water 2017, 9, 132.
Chang Y-S, Chang T-J. SPH Simulations of Solute Transport in Flows with Steep Velocity and Concentration Gradients. Water. 2017; 9(2):132.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chang, Yu-Sheng; Chang, Tsang-Jung. 2017. "SPH Simulations of Solute Transport in Flows with Steep Velocity and Concentration Gradients." Water 9, no. 2: 132.
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