Applications of Coupled Explicit–Implicit Solution of SWEs for Unsteady Flow in Yangtze River
AbstractIn engineering practice, the unsteady flows generated from the operation of hydropower station in the upstream region could significantly change the navigation system of waterways located in the middle-lower reaches of the river. In order to study the complex propagation, convergence and superposition characteristics of unsteady flows in a long channel with flow confluence, a numerical model based on the coupling of implicit and explicit solution algorithms of Shallow Water Equations (SWEs) has been applied to two large rivers in the reach of Yangtze River, China, which covers the distance from Yibin to Chongqing located upstream side of the Three Gorges Dam. The accuracy of numerical model has been validated by both the steady and unsteady flows using the prototype hydrological data. It is found that the unsteady flows show much more complex water level and discharge behaviors than the steady ones. The studied unsteady flows arising from the water regulation of two upstream hydropower stations could influence the region as far as Zhutuo hydrologic station, which is close to the city of Chongqing. Meanwhile, the computed stage–discharge rating curves at all observation stations demonstrate multi-value loop patterns because of the presence of additional water surface gradient. The present numerical model proves to be robust for simulating complex flows in very long engineering rivers up to 400 km. View Full-Text
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Ding, Y.; Liu, Y.; Liu, X.; Chen, R.; Shao, S. Applications of Coupled Explicit–Implicit Solution of SWEs for Unsteady Flow in Yangtze River. Water 2017, 9, 91.
Ding Y, Liu Y, Liu X, Chen R, Shao S. Applications of Coupled Explicit–Implicit Solution of SWEs for Unsteady Flow in Yangtze River. Water. 2017; 9(3):91.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ding, Yufei; Liu, Yong; Liu, Xingnian; Chen, Ridong; Shao, Songdong. 2017. "Applications of Coupled Explicit–Implicit Solution of SWEs for Unsteady Flow in Yangtze River." Water 9, no. 3: 91.