Next Article in Journal
Optimization of Multiple Seepage Piping Parameters to Maximize the Critical Hydraulic Gradient in Bimsoils
Previous Article in Journal
SPH Modelling of Hydraulic Jump Oscillations at an Abrupt Drop
Previous Article in Special Issue
Phosphorus Retention by Fly Ash Amended Filter Media in Aged Bioretention Cells
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2017, 9(10), 791; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100791

Batch Test Screening of Industrial Product/Byproduct Filter Materials for Agricultural Drainage Water Treatment

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Soil Drainage Research Unit, 590 Woody Hayes Drive, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 30 September 2017 / Accepted: 10 October 2017 / Published: 14 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additives in Stormwater Filters for Enhanced Pollutant Removal)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1037 KB, uploaded 17 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Filter treatment may be a viable means for removing the nitrate (NO3), phosphate (PO43−), and pesticides discharged with agricultural drainage waters that cause adverse environmental impacts within the U.S. on local, regional, and national scales. Laboratory batch test screening for agricultural drainage water treatment potential was conducted on 58 industrial product/byproduct filter materials grouped into six categories: (1) high carbon content media; (2) high iron content media; (3) high aluminum content media; (4) surfactant modified clay/zeolite; (5) coal combustion residuals; and (6) spent foundry sands. Based on a percent contaminant removal criteria of 75% or greater, seven industrial products/byproducts were found to meet this standard for NO3 alone, 44 met this standard for PO43−, and 25 met this standard for the chlorinated triazine herbicide, atrazine. Using a 50% or greater contaminant removal criteria, five of the industrial product/byproduct filter materials exhibited potential for removing NO3, PO43−, and atrazine together; eight showed capability for combined NO3 and PO43− removal; 21 showed capability for combined PO43− and atrazine removal; and nine showed capability for combined NO3 and atrazine removal. The results of this study delineated some potential industrial product/byproduct filter materials for drainage water treatment; however, a complete feasibility evaluation for drainage water treatment of any of these filter materials will require much more extensive testing. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural drainage water treatment; industrial product/byproduct filter materials; batch test screening; nitrate; phosphate; atrazine agricultural drainage water treatment; industrial product/byproduct filter materials; batch test screening; nitrate; phosphate; atrazine
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Allred, B.J. Batch Test Screening of Industrial Product/Byproduct Filter Materials for Agricultural Drainage Water Treatment. Water 2017, 9, 791.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top