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Water 2016, 8(7), 272; doi:10.3390/w8070272

Water Sensitive Urban Design: An Investigation of Current Systems, Implementation Drivers, Community Perceptions and Potential to Supplement Urban Water Services

1
Institute of Sustainability and Innovation, College of Engineering and Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
2
CSIRO Land and Water, Research Way, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia
3
University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes Campus, Adelaide, SA 5095, Australia
4
CSIRO Land and Water, Waite campus, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia
5
CSIRO Land and Water Flagship, Floreat Campus, Floreat, WA 6913, Australia
6
CSIRO Land and Water Flagship, ESP, Dutton Park, QLD 4102, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brigitte Helmreich
Received: 9 May 2016 / Revised: 17 June 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 28 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Drainage and Urban Stormwater Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [865 KB, uploaded 28 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Large scale centralised water, wastewater and stormwater systems have been implemented for over 100 years. These systems have provided a safe drinking water supply, efficient collection and disposal of wastewater to protect human health, and the mitigation of urban flood risk. The sustainability of current urban water systems is under pressure from a range of challenges which include: rapid population growth and resulting urbanisation, climate change impacts, and infrastructure that is ageing and reaching capacity constraints. To address these issues, urban water services are now being implemented with Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) and Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) approaches. WSUD systems can deliver multiple benefits including water conservation, stormwater quality improvement, flood control, landscape amenity and a healthy living environment. These systems can be provided as stand-alone systems or in combination with centralised systems. These systems are still novel and thus face knowledge gaps that are impeding their mainstream uptake. Knowledge gaps cover technical, economic, social, and institutional aspects of their implementation. This paper is based on the outcomes of a comprehensive study conducted in South Australia which investigated impediments for mainstream uptake of WSUD, community perceptions of WSUD and potential of WSUD to achieve water conservation through the application of alternative resources, and in flood management. The outcomes are discussed in this paper for the benefit of water professionals engaged with WSUD planning, implementation, community consultation and regulation. Although the paper is based on a study conducted in South Australia, the comprehensive framework developed to conduct this detailed study and investigation can be adopted in any part of the world. View Full-Text
Keywords: water sensitive urban design; decentralised systems; water conservation; water quality; flood mitigation; sustainability water sensitive urban design; decentralised systems; water conservation; water quality; flood mitigation; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, A.K.; Pezzaniti, D.; Myers, B.; Cook, S.; Tjandraatmadja, G.; Chacko, P.; Chavoshi, S.; Kemp, D.; Leonard, R.; Koth, B.; Walton, A. Water Sensitive Urban Design: An Investigation of Current Systems, Implementation Drivers, Community Perceptions and Potential to Supplement Urban Water Services. Water 2016, 8, 272.

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