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Water 2016, 8(5), 216; doi:10.3390/w8050216

Opening the Black Box: Using a Hydrological Model to Link Stakeholder Engagement with Groundwater Management

1
Water Resources Research Center, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
2
Hydrologic Research Center, San Diego, CA 92130, USA
3
Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ashok K. Chapagain
Received: 7 March 2016 / Revised: 10 May 2016 / Accepted: 10 May 2016 / Published: 23 May 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1777 KB, uploaded 23 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Stakeholder participation is a foundation of good water governance. Good groundwater governance typically involves the co-production of knowledge about the groundwater system. Models provide a vehicle for producing this knowledge, as well as a “boundary object” around which scientists and stakeholders can convene the co-production process. Through co-production, stakeholders and scientific experts can engage in exchanges that create system knowledge not otherwise achievable. The process involves one-way transfer of information, active two-way conversations, and integration of multiple kinds of knowledge into shared understanding. In the Upper Santa Cruz River basin in Arizona, USA, the University of Arizona Water Resources Research Center (WRRC) convened a project aimed at providing scientific underpinnings for groundwater planning and management. This project, entitled Groundwater, Climate, and Stakeholder Engagement, serves as a case study employing the first two stages of knowledge co-production using a hydrological model. Through an iterative process that included two-way communication, stakeholders provided critical input to hydrologic modeling analyses. Acting as a bridging organization, the WRRC facilitated a co-production process, involving location-specific and transferability workshops, which resulted in new knowledge and capacity for applying the model to novel problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater modeling; groundwater management; stakeholder engagement; knowledge co-production; Santa Cruz River Basin groundwater modeling; groundwater management; stakeholder engagement; knowledge co-production; Santa Cruz River Basin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Eden, S.; Megdal, S.B.; Shamir, E.; Chief, K.; Mott Lacroix, K. Opening the Black Box: Using a Hydrological Model to Link Stakeholder Engagement with Groundwater Management. Water 2016, 8, 216.

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