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Water 2016, 8(6), 222; doi:10.3390/w8060222

Enhancing Groundwater Governance by Making the Linkage with Multiple Uses of the Subsurface Space and Other Subsurface Resources

1
Consultant, Ganzeboomsweg 3 C, Schalkhaar 7433ES, The Netherlands
2
UNESCO International Hydrological Programme (UNESCO–IHP), 7, place Fontenoy, Paris 07 SP 75352, France
3
Consultant, Via Ponte dei Galli 2, Assisi 06081, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sharon B. Megdal, Susanna Eden and Eylon Shamir
Received: 18 February 2016 / Revised: 14 May 2016 / Accepted: 17 May 2016 / Published: 25 May 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [197 KB, uploaded 25 May 2016]

Abstract

One of the aspects highlighted in the Framework for Action and other key documents produced by the Groundwater Governance Project (funded by GEF and implemented by UNESCO, FAO, World Bank and IAH) is the interdependence between groundwater and human activities related to other physical components of the real world. Consequently, it is important in groundwater governance to make essential linkages with other components of the water cycle (IWRM), with sanitation and wastewater management, with land use and land use practices, with energy and with the uses of subsurface space and other subsurface resources. This paper presents an overall description of the multiple uses of the subsurface space and of the exploitation and management of subsurface resources. It attempts to give an impression of intensities and trends in use and exploitation, of the possible interactions and of current and potential efforts to control negative impacts of such interactions. It concludes by briefly summarizing in three simple steps how to improve groundwater governance by making appropriate linkages with uses of the subsurface space and subsurface resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater governance; linkages; use of subsurface space; use of subsurface resources groundwater governance; linkages; use of subsurface space; use of subsurface resources
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

van der Gun, J.; Aureli, A.; Merla, A. Enhancing Groundwater Governance by Making the Linkage with Multiple Uses of the Subsurface Space and Other Subsurface Resources. Water 2016, 8, 222.

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