Adaptive Kalman Filter Based on Adjustable Sampling Interval in Burst Detection for Water Distribution System
AbstractRapid detection of bursts and leaks in water distribution systems (WDSs) can reduce the social and economic costs incurred through direct loss of water into the ground, additional energy demand for water supply, and service interruptions. Many real-time burst detection models have been developed in accordance with the use of supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems and the establishment of district meter areas (DMAs). Nonetheless, no consideration has been given to how frequently a flow meter measures and transmits data for predicting breaks and leaks in pipes. This paper analyzes the effect of sampling interval when an adaptive Kalman filter is used for detecting bursts in a WDS. A new sampling algorithm is presented that adjusts the sampling interval depending on the normalized residuals of flow after filtering. The proposed algorithm is applied to a virtual sinusoidal flow curve and real DMA flow data obtained from Jeongeup city in South Korea. The simulation results prove that the self-adjusting algorithm for determining the sampling interval is efficient and maintains reasonable accuracy in burst detection. The proposed sampling method has a significant potential for water utilities to build and operate real-time DMA monitoring systems combined with smart customer metering systems. View Full-Text
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Choi, D.Y.; Kim, S.-W.; Choi, M.-A.; Geem, Z.W. Adaptive Kalman Filter Based on Adjustable Sampling Interval in Burst Detection for Water Distribution System. Water 2016, 8, 142.
Choi DY, Kim S-W, Choi M-A, Geem ZW. Adaptive Kalman Filter Based on Adjustable Sampling Interval in Burst Detection for Water Distribution System. Water. 2016; 8(4):142.Chicago/Turabian Style
Choi, Doo Y.; Kim, Seong-Won; Choi, Min-Ah; Geem, Zong W. 2016. "Adaptive Kalman Filter Based on Adjustable Sampling Interval in Burst Detection for Water Distribution System." Water 8, no. 4: 142.
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