Next Article in Journal
Precipitation Intensity Effects on Groundwater Recharge in the Southwestern United States
Next Article in Special Issue
Differing Levels of Forestry Best Management Practices at Stream Crossing Structures Affect Sediment Delivery and Installation Costs
Previous Article in Journal
Correction: Zhuang, Q.; Wu, B. Estimating Evapotranspiration from an Improved Two-Source Energy Balance Model Using ASTER Satellite Imagery. Water, 2015, 7(12), 6673–6688
Previous Article in Special Issue
Overland Transport of Rotavirus and the Effect of Soil Type and Vegetation
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2016, 8(3), 89;

Implementation of Forestry Best Management Practices on Biomass and Conventional Harvesting Operations in Virginia

Department of Forest Resources & Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, 228 Cheatham Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Molpus Timberlands, 3920 Mill Station, Powhatan, VA 23139, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kelly T. Morgan
Received: 26 January 2016 / Revised: 29 February 2016 / Accepted: 2 March 2016 / Published: 7 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue BMP Development, Implementation, and Performance)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [199 KB, uploaded 8 March 2016]


Logging residues are often utilized as a Best Management Practice (BMP) for stabilizing bare soil on forest harvesting operations. As utilization of woody biomass increases, concern has developed regarding availability of residues for implementing BMPs. The Virginia Department of Forestry (VDOF) inspects all logging operations in Virginia and randomly selects a portion of harvests for more intensive audits. The VDOF BMP audit process intensively evaluates implementation of BMPs in seven categories (84 specific BMPs) on 240 sites per year. This research analyzed three years of audit data (2010–2012) to quantify differences in BMP implementation between biomass and conventional harvesting operations. Among 720 audited tracts, 97 were biomass harvests, with 88 occurring in the Piedmont region. Only the streamside management zone (SMZ) category had significant implementation percentage differences between biomass (83.1%) and conventional harvests (91.4%) (p = 0.0007) in the Piedmont. Specific areas where biomass harvesting operations had lower implementation were generally not related to a lack of residues available for implementing BMPs, but rather were from a lack of appropriate SMZs, overharvesting within SMZs, or inadequate construction of roads, skid trails, and stream crossings. Existing BMP recommendations already address these areas and better implementation would have negated these issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass harvest; water quality; logging residues; streamside management zones (SMZs) biomass harvest; water quality; logging residues; streamside management zones (SMZs)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Barrett, S.M.; Aust, W.M.; Bolding, M.C.; Lakel, W.A.; Munsell, J.F. Implementation of Forestry Best Management Practices on Biomass and Conventional Harvesting Operations in Virginia. Water 2016, 8, 89.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top