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Water 2016, 8(3), 80; doi:10.3390/w8030080

Developing Public Policy Options for Access to Drinking Water in Peripheral, Disaster and Polluted Rural Areas: A Case Study on Environment-Friendly and Conventional Technologies

1
Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Babes-Bolyai University, Fantanele Street, No. 30, Cluj-Napoca 400294, Romania
2
Faculty of Business, Babes-Bolyai University, Horea Street, No. 7, Cluj-Napoca 400174, Romania
3
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4
SC ICPE Bistrita SA (Institute for Electrotechnical Research and Design), 7 Parcului Street, 420035 Bistrita, Romania
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giacomo Zanni
Received: 16 November 2015 / Revised: 22 January 2016 / Accepted: 26 February 2016 / Published: 3 March 2016
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Abstract

Peripheral, disaster and polluted rural areas (PDP rural areas) are generally perceived as a “Cinderella” of water public policy measures, deepening the rural-urban cleavage in terms of opportunities for a decent life. The main goal of the study is to develop public policy options regarding the supply of safe drinking water in Romanian PDP rural areas. The main instrument to achieve it is an ex-ante policy analysis of three solutions: a conventional technology, based on chlorine, a green technology using an advanced oxidation process with bio-filter (O3BioFilter), and “do nothing”. Environment protection, social equity, technical performance, economic efficiency and political feasibility were the criteria selected for analysis, within a focus-group. Several qualitative and quantitative methods were used: evaluation matrix, weighted cost-effectiveness and break-even point. The results of the first two indicate that the O3BioFilter has the best score, but not much higher than the conventional alternative (10% higher), revealing a possible path-dependency to familiar technologies. This analysis is not a ready-made solution valid in any case, nor a direct indication of “the best choice”, but a decision tool in the adoption and implementation of sustainable water public policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking water; public policy; peripheral; disaster; advanced oxidation; bio-filter; chlorine; environment; economic performance drinking water; public policy; peripheral; disaster; advanced oxidation; bio-filter; chlorine; environment; economic performance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Petrescu-Mag, R.M.; Petrescu, D.C.; Safirescu, O.C.; Hetvary, M.; Oroian, I.G.; Vâju, D. Developing Public Policy Options for Access to Drinking Water in Peripheral, Disaster and Polluted Rural Areas: A Case Study on Environment-Friendly and Conventional Technologies. Water 2016, 8, 80.

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