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Water 2016, 8(3), 79; doi:10.3390/w8030079

Strong Gradients in Weak Magnetic Fields Induce DOLLOP Formation in Tap Water

1
Wetsus, European Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Oostergoweg 9, 8911 MA Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
2
Kamp Consult, Deventerweg 81, 7203 AD Zutphen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wilhelm Püttmann
Received: 21 January 2016 / Revised: 22 February 2016 / Accepted: 23 February 2016 / Published: 3 March 2016
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Abstract

In 2012 Coey proposed a theory on the mechanism of magnetic water treatment based on the gradient of the applied field rather than its absolute strength. We tested this theory by measuring the effect of very weak field magnets (≤ 10 G) containing strong magnetic inhomogeneities (ΔB = 2 kG·m−1) on tap water samples by the use of electric impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and laser scattering. Our results show an increased formation of nm-sized prenucleation clusters (dynamically ordered liquid like oxyanion polymers or “DOLLOPs”) due to the exposure to the magnetic field and thus are consistent with Coey’s theory which is therefore also applicable to very weak magnetic fields as long as they contain strong gradients. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic water treatment; EIS; DOLLOPs magnetic water treatment; EIS; DOLLOPs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sammer, M.; Kamp, C.; Paulitsch-Fuchs, A.H.; Wexler, A.D.; Buisman, C.J.N.; Fuchs, E.C. Strong Gradients in Weak Magnetic Fields Induce DOLLOP Formation in Tap Water. Water 2016, 8, 79.

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