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Water 2015, 7(8), 4041-4053; doi:10.3390/w7084041

Simulation of Summer Hourly Stream Flow by Applying TOPMODEL and Two Routing Algorithms to the Sparsely Gauged Lhasa River Basin in China

1,* , 2,†
and
1,†
1
College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 5 May 2015 / Revised: 17 July 2015 / Accepted: 17 July 2015 / Published: 23 July 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [523 KB, uploaded 23 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper develops a new routing algorithm for improving simulation capacity of physically-based hydrological models applied to sparsely-gauged river basins. The study area is the Lhasa River basin, a large plateau basin with an area of 26,225 km2 in southwest China. In the basin, observations from three hydrological stations are available, and the observed hourly rainfall and summer stream flow data (12 June to 30 September) for the period of 1998–2000 obtained from the three stations were used. TOPMODEL, with its original routing algorithm, which is a distance-related delay function, was applied to the Lhasa River basin. To improve the routing algorithm using a unit hydrograph function and a linear reservoir method, this study proposed a new algorithm; the results revealed that the new algorithm improved the simulation of the variation of hourly stream flow. In addition, to evaluate the influence of rainfall spatial variation on runoff generation, observed rainfall series from the three gauges were used to simulate runoff individually, and it was found that there are significant differences among the three simulated hourly stream flow series. View Full-Text
Keywords: TOPographic Model (TOPMODEL); sparsely gauged; Lhasa River; base flow TOPographic Model (TOPMODEL); sparsely gauged; Lhasa River; base flow
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Peng, D.; Chen, J.; Fang, J. Simulation of Summer Hourly Stream Flow by Applying TOPMODEL and Two Routing Algorithms to the Sparsely Gauged Lhasa River Basin in China. Water 2015, 7, 4041-4053.

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