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Water 2015, 7(3), 1173-1201; doi:10.3390/w7031173

On the Modeling of Bank Storage in a Groundwater Model: The April, 1983, Flood Event in the Neuwieder Becken (Middle Rhine)

1
Deltares, P.O. Box 177, 2600MH Delft, The Netherlands
2
BCE Björnsen Beratende Ingenieure GmbH, Niederlassung Köln, Karlstraße 40-44, 50679 Köln, Germany
3
Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Mies-van-der-Rohe-Straße 17, 52056 Aachen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Philip A. Brunner
Received: 19 September 2014 / Revised: 30 December 2014 / Accepted: 26 February 2015 / Published: 17 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Surface Water Groundwater Interactions: From Theory to Practice)
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Abstract

For predictive numerical simulations of subsurface floods (groundwater head rise due to high water in a contiguous river), it is important to know how to represent the bank storage process in a numerical groundwater model. Whilst leakage approaches are frequently used for modeling bank storage, another option is the application of a head boundary condition. In order to get a better understanding of the bank storage process, we analyze the bank storage event in the Neuwieder Becken (Middle Rhine) in April 1983, which has been reported by Ubell (1987). We found the leakage function to be nonlinear and hysteretic. The evaluation of different model variants for Ubell’s bank storage event shows that both a head boundary condition and a leakage boundary condition are appropriate modeling approaches. For practical reasons, the leakage boundary condition is preferred. A linear leakage function represents the bank storage process for the analyzed event sufficiently. A hysteretic course of the leakage function can be achieved in a three-dimensional groundwater model by layering the hydraulic soil properties in the vicinity of the bank. View Full-Text
Keywords: subsurface flood; groundwater flooding; surface subsurface water interaction; bank storage subsurface flood; groundwater flooding; surface subsurface water interaction; bank storage
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Becker, B.P.J.; Jansen, M.; Sinaba, B.P.; Schüttrumpf, H. On the Modeling of Bank Storage in a Groundwater Model: The April, 1983, Flood Event in the Neuwieder Becken (Middle Rhine). Water 2015, 7, 1173-1201.

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