Comparing Simple Flood Reservoir Operation Rules
AbstractThe effectiveness of three simple flood operating rules in reducing the peak flow is compared for four simplified hydrograph shapes. The Minimize Flood Peak rule uses available flood storage capacity to store peak flows from an accurate hydrograph forecast. The less demanding Minimize Flooding Frequency operating rule releases water at or below channel capacity until the flood storage pool is filled and outflows are forced to exceed the channel capacity. The Short Forecast Peak Minimization rule minimizes flood peak over a short foreseeable future with existing flood storage capacity. Four simplified hydrograph shapes (triangular, abrupt wave, flood pulse and broad peak) were used. The Minimize Flood Peak rule reduces peak flows better than alternatives, but is often impractical. The Short Forecast Peak Minimization rule reduces peak flows for a wide range of conditions. The Minimize Flood Frequency rule may be more relevant where damages occur abruptly, as in many leveed systems. All rules reduce peak outflow more efficiently for more steeply rising hydrographs. The approach suggests some general insights for flood operations of reservoirs. View Full-Text
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Connaughton, J.; King, N.; Dong, L.; Ji, P.; Lund, J. Comparing Simple Flood Reservoir Operation Rules. Water 2014, 6, 2717-2731.
Connaughton J, King N, Dong L, Ji P, Lund J. Comparing Simple Flood Reservoir Operation Rules. Water. 2014; 6(9):2717-2731.Chicago/Turabian Style
Connaughton, James; King, Natalie; Dong, Licheng; Ji, Patrick; Lund, Jay. 2014. "Comparing Simple Flood Reservoir Operation Rules." Water 6, no. 9: 2717-2731.