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Water 2014, 6(6), 1719-1744; doi:10.3390/w6061719
Article

Exposure of Mediterranean Countries to Ocean Acidification

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Received: 28 February 2014; in revised form: 3 June 2014 / Accepted: 3 June 2014 / Published: 16 June 2014
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Abstract: This study examines the potential effects of ocean acidification on countries and fisheries of the Mediterranean Sea. The implications for seafood security and supply are evaluated by examining the sensitivity of the Mediterranean to ocean acidification at chemical, biological, and macro-economic levels. The limited information available on impacts of ocean acidification on harvested (industrial, recreational, and artisanal fishing) and cultured species (aquaculture) prevents any biological impact assessment. However, it appears that non-developed nations around the Mediterranean, particularly those for which fisheries are increasing, yet rely heavily on artisanal fleets, are most greatly exposed to socioeconomic consequences from ocean acidification.
Keywords: fisheries; aquaculture; ocean acidification; Mediterranean Sea; economic development; multidisciplinary study fisheries; aquaculture; ocean acidification; Mediterranean Sea; economic development; multidisciplinary study
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hilmi, N.; Allemand, D.; Cinar, M.; Cooley, S.; Hall-Spencer, J.M.; Haraldsson, G.; Hattam, C.; Jeffree, R.A.; Orr, J.C.; Rehdanz, K.; Reynaud, S.; Safa, A.; Dupont, S. Exposure of Mediterranean Countries to Ocean Acidification. Water 2014, 6, 1719-1744.

AMA Style

Hilmi N, Allemand D, Cinar M, Cooley S, Hall-Spencer JM, Haraldsson G, Hattam C, Jeffree RA, Orr JC, Rehdanz K, Reynaud S, Safa A, Dupont S. Exposure of Mediterranean Countries to Ocean Acidification. Water. 2014; 6(6):1719-1744.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hilmi, Nathalie; Allemand, Denis; Cinar, Mine; Cooley, Sarah; Hall-Spencer, Jason M.; Haraldsson, Gunnar; Hattam, Caroline; Jeffree, Ross A.; Orr, James C.; Rehdanz, Katrin; Reynaud, Stéphanie; Safa, Alain; Dupont, Sam. 2014. "Exposure of Mediterranean Countries to Ocean Acidification." Water 6, no. 6: 1719-1744.


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