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Water 2014, 6(12), 3739-3757; doi:10.3390/w6123739

Policy Preferences about Managed Aquifer Recharge for Securing Sustainable Water Supply to Chennai City, India

1
Centre for Environmental Management and Decision Support (CEMDS), Vienna A-1180, Austria
2
Department of Geology, Anna University, Chennai 600025, India
3
SPT Consultancy Services, Chennai 600011, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 July 2014 / Revised: 20 November 2014 / Accepted: 26 November 2014 / Published: 3 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Policy and Economics of Managed Aquifer Recharge and Water Banking)
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to bring out the policy changes with respect to managed aquifer recharge (focusing on infiltration ponds), which in the view of relevant stakeholders may ease the problem of groundwater depletion in the context of Chennai City; Tamil Nadu; India. Groundwater is needed for the drinking water security of Chennai and overexploitation has resulted in depletion and seawater intrusion. Current policies at the municipal; state and national level all support recharge of groundwater and rainwater harvesting to counter groundwater depletion. However, despite such favorable policies, the legal framework and the administrative praxis do not support systematic approaches towards managed aquifer recharge in the periphery of Chennai. The present study confirms this, considering the mandates of governmental key-actors and a survey of the preferences and motives of stakeholder representatives. There are about 25 stakeholder groups with interests in groundwater issues, but they lack a common vision. For example, conflicting interest of stakeholders may hinder implementation of certain types of managed aquifer recharge methods. To overcome this problem, most stakeholders support the idea to establish an authority in the state for licensing groundwater extraction and overseeing managed aquifer recharge. View Full-Text
Keywords: managed aquifer recharge (MAR); infiltration ponds; check dams; rainwater harvesting (RWH); Chennai; Tamil Nadu (TN) managed aquifer recharge (MAR); infiltration ponds; check dams; rainwater harvesting (RWH); Chennai; Tamil Nadu (TN)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Brunner, N.; Starkl, M.; Sakthivel, P.; Elango, L.; Amirthalingam, S.; Pratap, C.E.; Thirunavukkarasu, M.; Parimalarenganayaki, S. Policy Preferences about Managed Aquifer Recharge for Securing Sustainable Water Supply to Chennai City, India. Water 2014, 6, 3739-3757.

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