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Physico-Chemical, Biological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Electrolyzed Reduced Alkaline Water (ERAW)
Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire de l'État Solide, UMR CNRS/UdS 7140, Université de Strasbourg, Institut Le Bel, 4, rue Blaise Pascal, CS 90032, Strasbourg 67081, France
Institut de Physique Biologique, Faculté de Médecine, 4, rue Kirschleger, Strasbourg Cedex F 67085, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 September 2013; in revised form: 4 November 2013 / Accepted: 3 December 2013 / Published: 16 December 2013
Abstract: The consumption of alkaline reduced water produced by domestic electrolysis devices was approved in Japan in 1965 by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare for the cure of gastro-intestinal disorders. Today, these devices are freely available in several countries and can be easily purchased without reserve. The commercial information included with the device recommends the consumption of 1–1.5 L of water per day, not only for gastro-intestinal disorders but also for numerous other illnesses such as diabetes, cancer, inflammation, etc. Academic research in Japan on this subject has been undergoing since 1990 only but has established that the active ingredient is dissolved dihydrogen that eliminates the free radical HO• in vivo. In addition, it was demonstrated that degradation of the electrodes during functioning of the device releases very reactive nanoparticles of platinum, the toxicity of which has not yet been clearly proven. This report recommends alerting health authorities of the uncontrolled availability of these devices used as health products, but which generate drug substances and should therefore be sold according to regulatory requirements.
Keywords: alkaline reduced water; electrolysis; reactive oxygen species; antioxidants; platinum nanoparticles; gastro-intestinal complaints; cancer; diabetes; inflammation; immunomodulation
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Henry, M.; Chambron, J. Physico-Chemical, Biological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Electrolyzed Reduced Alkaline Water (ERAW). Water 2013, 5, 2094-2115.
Henry M, Chambron J. Physico-Chemical, Biological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Electrolyzed Reduced Alkaline Water (ERAW). Water. 2013; 5(4):2094-2115.
Henry, Marc; Chambron, Jacques. 2013. "Physico-Chemical, Biological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Electrolyzed Reduced Alkaline Water (ERAW)." Water 5, no. 4: 2094-2115.