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Water 2013, 5(4), 2094-2115; doi:10.3390/w5042094
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Physico-Chemical, Biological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Electrolyzed Reduced Alkaline Water (ERAW)

1,*  and 2
Received: 26 September 2013; in revised form: 4 November 2013 / Accepted: 3 December 2013 / Published: 16 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Treatment and Human Health)
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Abstract: The consumption of alkaline reduced water produced by domestic electrolysis devices was approved in Japan in 1965 by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare for the cure of gastro-intestinal disorders. Today, these devices are freely available in several countries and can be easily purchased without reserve. The commercial information included with the device recommends the consumption of 1–1.5 L of water per day, not only for gastro-intestinal disorders but also for numerous other illnesses such as diabetes, cancer, inflammation, etc. Academic research in Japan on this subject has been undergoing since 1990 only but has established that the active ingredient is dissolved dihydrogen that eliminates the free radical HO• in vivo. In addition, it was demonstrated that degradation of the electrodes during functioning of the device releases very reactive nanoparticles of platinum, the toxicity of which has not yet been clearly proven. This report recommends alerting health authorities of the uncontrolled availability of these devices used as health products, but which generate drug substances and should therefore be sold according to regulatory requirements.
Keywords: alkaline reduced water; electrolysis; reactive oxygen species; antioxidants; platinum nanoparticles; gastro-intestinal complaints; cancer; diabetes; inflammation; immunomodulation alkaline reduced water; electrolysis; reactive oxygen species; antioxidants; platinum nanoparticles; gastro-intestinal complaints; cancer; diabetes; inflammation; immunomodulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Henry, M.; Chambron, J. Physico-Chemical, Biological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Electrolyzed Reduced Alkaline Water (ERAW). Water 2013, 5, 2094-2115.

AMA Style

Henry M, Chambron J. Physico-Chemical, Biological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Electrolyzed Reduced Alkaline Water (ERAW). Water. 2013; 5(4):2094-2115.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Henry, Marc; Chambron, Jacques. 2013. "Physico-Chemical, Biological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Electrolyzed Reduced Alkaline Water (ERAW)." Water 5, no. 4: 2094-2115.


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