Water 2013, 5(3), 1393-1418; doi:10.3390/w5031393
Article

Water Pollution Control Legislation in Israel: Understanding Implementation Processes from an Actor-Centered Approach

Received: 22 July 2013; in revised form: 27 August 2013 / Accepted: 11 September 2013 / Published: 18 September 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In the State of Israel, advanced legislation for the management of scarce water resources, including legislation to prevent water pollution, were put in place in the early stages of the State’s formation. Despite that, on-going uncontrolled pollution has deteriorated the quality of water sources for decades, with the main source of pollution being untreated or partially treated domestic wastewater. This has been mainly the result of lack of enforcement of the existing laws. During the 1990s and onwards, a shift to forceful enforcement has been observed and wastewater treatment substantially improved. The paper analyzes the implementation processes of the pollution control legislations (the lack-of and the shift to forceful enforcement) based on an actor-centered approach, using the contextual interaction theory.
Keywords: water pollution prevention; pollution control legislation; wastewater management; contextual interaction theory; Israel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hophmayer-Tokich, S. Water Pollution Control Legislation in Israel: Understanding Implementation Processes from an Actor-Centered Approach. Water 2013, 5, 1393-1418.

AMA Style

Hophmayer-Tokich S. Water Pollution Control Legislation in Israel: Understanding Implementation Processes from an Actor-Centered Approach. Water. 2013; 5(3):1393-1418.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hophmayer-Tokich, Sharon. 2013. "Water Pollution Control Legislation in Israel: Understanding Implementation Processes from an Actor-Centered Approach." Water 5, no. 3: 1393-1418.

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