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Water 2013, 5(3), 1393-1418; doi:10.3390/w5031393

Water Pollution Control Legislation in Israel: Understanding Implementation Processes from an Actor-Centered Approach

The Twente Centre for Studies in Technology and Sustainable Development (CSTM), University of Twente, Postbus 217, Enschede 7500 AE, The Netherlands
Received: 22 July 2013 / Revised: 27 August 2013 / Accepted: 11 September 2013 / Published: 18 September 2013
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Abstract

In the State of Israel, advanced legislation for the management of scarce water resources, including legislation to prevent water pollution, were put in place in the early stages of the State’s formation. Despite that, on-going uncontrolled pollution has deteriorated the quality of water sources for decades, with the main source of pollution being untreated or partially treated domestic wastewater. This has been mainly the result of lack of enforcement of the existing laws. During the 1990s and onwards, a shift to forceful enforcement has been observed and wastewater treatment substantially improved. The paper analyzes the implementation processes of the pollution control legislations (the lack-of and the shift to forceful enforcement) based on an actor-centered approach, using the contextual interaction theory.
Keywords: water pollution prevention; pollution control legislation; wastewater management; contextual interaction theory; Israel water pollution prevention; pollution control legislation; wastewater management; contextual interaction theory; Israel
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hophmayer-Tokich, S. Water Pollution Control Legislation in Israel: Understanding Implementation Processes from an Actor-Centered Approach. Water 2013, 5, 1393-1418.

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