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Water 2013, 5(3), 1194-1210; doi:10.3390/w5031194

Development of Web GIS-Based VFSMOD System with Three Modules for Effective Vegetative Filter Strip Design

1
Agricultural Biological Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2
Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
3
Regional Infrastructure Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon 200-701, Korea
4
Korea Institute of Construction Technology, 2311 Daewha Ilsan-Gu, Goyang-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 411-712, Korea
5
Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-701, Korea
6
Department of Biological Sciences, Kyonggi University, Department of Biological Sciences, Kyonggi University, 71, Chungjeong-Ro 2-Ga, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul 120-702, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 June 2013 / Revised: 26 July 2013 / Accepted: 29 July 2013 / Published: 7 August 2013
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Abstract

In recent years, Non-Point Source Pollution has been rising as a significant environmental issue. The sediment-laden water problem is causing serious impacts on river ecosystems not only in South Korea but also in most countries. The vegetative filter strip (VFS) has been thought to be one of the most effective methods to reduce the transport of sediment to down-gradient area. However, the effective width of the VFS first needs to be determined before VFS installation in the field. To provide an easy-to-use interface with a scientific VFS modeling engine, the Web GIS-based VFSMOD system was developed in this study. The Web GIS-based VFSMOD uses the UH and VFSM executable programs from the VFSMOD-w model as core engines to simulate rainfall-runoff and sediment trapping. To provide soil information for a point of interest, the Google Map interface to the MapServer soil database system was developed using the Google Map API, Javascript, Perl/CGI, and Oracle DB programming. Three modules of the Web GIS-based VFSMOD system were developed for various VFS designs under single storm, multiple storm, and long-term period scenarios. These modules in the Web GIS-based VFSMOD system were applied to the study watershed in South Korea and these were proven as efficient tools for the VFS design for various purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: filter strip; sediment; water quality; VFSMOD; Web GIS VFSMOD filter strip; sediment; water quality; VFSMOD; Web GIS VFSMOD
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, Y.S.; Engel, B.A.; Shin, Y.; Choi, J.; Kim, N.-W.; Kim, S.-J.; Kong, D.S.; Lim, K.J. Development of Web GIS-Based VFSMOD System with Three Modules for Effective Vegetative Filter Strip Design. Water 2013, 5, 1194-1210.

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