Water 2012, 4(2), 345-366; doi:10.3390/w4020345
Article

Climate Change Adaptation and Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in Developing Countries: A Generalized Framework and a Feasibility Study in Bangladesh

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Received: 15 February 2012; in revised form: 12 March 2012 / Accepted: 29 March 2012 / Published: 10 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Water Systems)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Water is the primary medium through which climate change influences the Earth’s ecosystems and therefore people’s livelihoods and wellbeing. Besides climatic change, current demographic trends, economic development and related land use changes have direct impact on increasing demand for freshwater resources. Taken together, the net effect of these supply and demand changes is affecting the vulnerability of water resources. The concept of ‘vulnerability’ is not straightforward as there is no universally accepted approach for assessing vulnerability. In this study, we review the evolution of approaches to vulnerability assessment related to water resources. From the current practices, we identify research gaps, and approaches to overcome these gaps a generalized assessment framework is developed. A feasibility study is then presented in the context of the Lower Brahmaputra River Basin (LBRB). The results of the feasibility study identify the current main constraints (e.g., lack of institutional coordination) and opportunities (e.g., adaptation) of LBRB. The results of this study can be helpful for innovative research and management initiatives and the described framework can be widely used as a guideline for the vulnerability assessment of water resources systems, particularly in developing countries.
Keywords: vulnerability; water resources; climate change; decision-making; adaptation; lower Brahmaputra river basin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gain, A.K.; Giupponi, C.; Renaud, F.G. Climate Change Adaptation and Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in Developing Countries: A Generalized Framework and a Feasibility Study in Bangladesh. Water 2012, 4, 345-366.

AMA Style

Gain AK, Giupponi C, Renaud FG. Climate Change Adaptation and Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in Developing Countries: A Generalized Framework and a Feasibility Study in Bangladesh. Water. 2012; 4(2):345-366.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gain, Animesh K.; Giupponi, Carlo; Renaud, Fabrice G. 2012. "Climate Change Adaptation and Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in Developing Countries: A Generalized Framework and a Feasibility Study in Bangladesh." Water 4, no. 2: 345-366.

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