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Wastewater Reuse Planning in Agriculture: The Case of Aitoloakarnania, Western Greece
Department of Environmental and Natural Resources Management, University of Ioannina, G.Seferi 1, Agrinion 30100, Greece
Department of Geology, University of Patras, Patras 26500, Greece
Department of Biosystem Engineering, Technological Educational Institute of Larissa, Periferiaki Odos of Larissa-Trikala, Larissa 41110, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 September 2011; in revised form: 1 October 2011 / Accepted: 6 October 2011 / Published: 20 October 2011
Abstract: In the present paper, the possibility of the treated municipal wastewater (TMWW) reuse in agriculture, produced by the Wastewater Treatment Plants of Aitoloakarnania prefecture, one of the greatest agricultural regions of Greece, has been investigated. The boundaries of agricultural soils and the irrigated crops were defined, and the water requirements of crops were calculated. Also the chemical characteristics of the TMWW were determined for the safe reuse in crop production, and for the protection of soils from potential pollution. The research conducted in this area is expected to constitute the basis for an integrated TMWW reuse planning in soils and crops, in the context of sustainable agriculture, and environmental protection. It must be mentioned that the Messolongion-Aitolikon lagoon is in the area under investigation, one of the largest wetland ecosystem of Mediterranean region, which makes the area ecologically sensitive. The ultimate scope of this study is to describe the planning of the TMWW reuse on the basis of soil characteristics, climatic factors, and irrigation water requirements of the crops, grown in this ecologically sensitive area. The volume of the effluents produced by the wastewater treatment plants of Messolonghion, Agrinion, Nafpaktos, Aitoliko and Thermo could cover 19.3%, 25.14%, >100%, 17.18 and 87.84% of the irrigation water requirements, respectively.
Keywords: wastewater reuse; agriculture; irrigation water demand; environmental protection
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kalavrouziotis, I.K.; Arambatzis, C.; Kalfountzos, D.; Varnavas, S.P. Wastewater Reuse Planning in Agriculture: The Case of Aitoloakarnania, Western Greece. Water 2011, 3, 988-1004.
Kalavrouziotis IK, Arambatzis C, Kalfountzos D, Varnavas SP. Wastewater Reuse Planning in Agriculture: The Case of Aitoloakarnania, Western Greece. Water. 2011; 3(4):988-1004.
Kalavrouziotis, Ioannis K.; Arambatzis, Christos; Kalfountzos, Dimitrios; Varnavas, Soterios P. 2011. "Wastewater Reuse Planning in Agriculture: The Case of Aitoloakarnania, Western Greece." Water 3, no. 4: 988-1004.