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Water 2011, 3(2), 551-565; doi:10.3390/w3020551

Liquid Radioactive Wastes Treatment: A Review

1,* , 1
1 Hot Lab. & Waste Management Center, Atomic Energy Authority of Egypt, P.O. 13759, Inshas, Cairo, Egypt 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 April 2011 / Revised: 4 May 2011 / Accepted: 5 May 2011 / Published: 12 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Science and Technology of Wastewater and Sludge Treatment)
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Radioactive wastes are generated during nuclear fuel cycle operation, production and application of radioisotope in medicine, industry, research, and agriculture, and as a byproduct of natural resource exploitation, which includes mining and processing of ores, combustion of fossil fuels, or production of natural gas and oil. To ensure the protection of human health and the environment from the hazard of these wastes, a planned integrated radioactive waste management practice should be applied. This work is directed to review recent published researches that are concerned with testing and application of different treatment options as a part of the integrated radioactive waste management practice. The main aim from this work is to highlight the scientific community interest in important problems that affect different treatment processes. This review is divided into the following sections: advances in conventional treatment of aqueous radioactive wastes, advances in conventional treatment of organic liquid wastes, and emerged technological options.
Keywords: radioactive waste; treatment; sorption; membrane   radioactive waste; treatment; sorption; membrane  
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Rahman, R.O.A.; Ibrahium, H.A.; Hung, Y.-T. Liquid Radioactive Wastes Treatment: A Review. Water 2011, 3, 551-565.

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