Water 2010, 2(3), 381-410; doi:10.3390/w2030381
Review

Can a Century Old Experiment Reveal Hidden Properties of Water?

Wetsus—Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
Received: 30 June 2010; in revised form: 3 August 2010 / Accepted: 3 August 2010 / Published: 10 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water: Facts without Myths)
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Abstract: In 1893 Sir William Armstrong placed a cotton thread between two wine glasses filled with chemically pure water. After applying a high voltage, a watery connection formed, and after some time, the cotton thread was pulled into one of the glasses, leaving a rope of water suspended between the two glasses. Although being a very simple experiment, it is of special interest since it comprises a number of phenomena currently tackled in modern water science like electrolysis-less charge transport and nanobubbles. This work gives some background information about water research in general and describes the water bridge phenomenon from the viewpoint of different fields such as electrohydrodynamics and quantum field theory. It is shown that the investigation of the floating water bridge led to new discoveries about water, both in the macroscopic and microscopic realm – but these were merely “hidden” in that sense that they only become evident upon application of electric fields.
Keywords: water bridge; EHD; electrospray; QED

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fuchs, E.C. Can a Century Old Experiment Reveal Hidden Properties of Water? Water 2010, 2, 381-410.

AMA Style

Fuchs EC. Can a Century Old Experiment Reveal Hidden Properties of Water? Water. 2010; 2(3):381-410.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fuchs, Elmar C. 2010. "Can a Century Old Experiment Reveal Hidden Properties of Water?" Water 2, no. 3: 381-410.

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