Water 2010, 2(3), 363-380; doi:10.3390/w2030363

The Occurrence of Cold Spells in the Alps Related to ClimateChange

1,* email, 2email, 1email and 2email
Received: 23 June 2010; in revised form: 27 July 2010 / Accepted: 27 July 2010 / Published: 2 August 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Climate change is not only a likely prospect for the end of this century, but it is already occurring. Part of the changes will include global warming and increasing temperature variability, both at global and regional scales. This increased variability was investigated in this paper from the point of view of the occurrence of cold spells in the Alps in the future climate (2071–2100), compared with the present climate (1961–1990). For this purpose, a regionalisation of the climate change effects was performed within the Alps. To avoid possible errors in the estimate of the 2m air temperature, the analysis was performed on the soil surface temperature. To get realistic values for this variable, a land surface scheme, UTOPIA, has been run on the selected domain, using the output of the Regional Climate Model (RegCM3) simulations as the driving force. The results show that, in general, the number of cold breaks is decreasing over the Alps, due to the temperature increment. However, there are certain zones where the behaviour is more complicated. The analysis of the model output also allowed a relationship to be found between the number of cold breaks and their duration. The significance of these results over the whole area was assessed.
Keywords: cold spells; climate change; LSPM; UTOPIA; climate extremes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Galli, M.; Oh, S.; Cassardo, C.; Park, S.K. The Occurrence of Cold Spells in the Alps Related to ClimateChange. Water 2010, 2, 363-380.

AMA Style

Galli M, Oh S, Cassardo C, Park SK. The Occurrence of Cold Spells in the Alps Related to ClimateChange. Water. 2010; 2(3):363-380.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galli, Marco; Oh, Seungmin; Cassardo, Claudio; Park, Seon Ki. 2010. "The Occurrence of Cold Spells in the Alps Related to ClimateChange." Water 2, no. 3: 363-380.

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