Genes 2013, 4(2), 244-263; doi:10.3390/genes4020244
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MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration

Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Perugia, Via del Giochetto, 06126 Perugia, Italy These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 March 2013; in revised form: 9 May 2013 / Accepted: 10 May 2013 / Published: 29 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue RNA Interference)
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Abstract: During the last few years microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as key mediators of post-transcriptional and epigenetic regulation of gene expression. MiRNAs targets, identified through gene expression profiling and studies in animal models, depict a scenario where miRNAs are fine-tuning metabolic pathways and genetic networks in both plants and animals. MiRNAs have shown to be differentially expressed in brain areas and alterations of miRNAs homeostasis have been recently correlated to pathological conditions of the nervous system, such as cancer and neurodegeneration. Here, we review and discuss the most recent insights into the involvement of miRNAs in the neurodegenerative mechanisms and their correlation with significant neurodegenerative disorders.
Keywords: miRNAs; Alzheimer’s disease; Parkinson’s disease; Huntington’s disease; Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; Lysosomal Storage Disorders

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bicchi, I.; Morena, F.; Montesano, S.; Polidoro, M.; Martino, S. MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration. Genes 2013, 4, 244-263.

AMA Style

Bicchi I, Morena F, Montesano S, Polidoro M, Martino S. MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration. Genes. 2013; 4(2):244-263.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bicchi, Ilaria; Morena, Francesco; Montesano, Simona; Polidoro, Mario; Martino, Sabata. 2013. "MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration." Genes 4, no. 2: 244-263.

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