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MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration
Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Perugia, Via del Giochetto, 06126 Perugia, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 March 2013; in revised form: 9 May 2013 / Accepted: 10 May 2013 / Published: 29 May 2013
Abstract: During the last few years microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as key mediators of post-transcriptional and epigenetic regulation of gene expression. MiRNAs targets, identified through gene expression profiling and studies in animal models, depict a scenario where miRNAs are fine-tuning metabolic pathways and genetic networks in both plants and animals. MiRNAs have shown to be differentially expressed in brain areas and alterations of miRNAs homeostasis have been recently correlated to pathological conditions of the nervous system, such as cancer and neurodegeneration. Here, we review and discuss the most recent insights into the involvement of miRNAs in the neurodegenerative mechanisms and their correlation with significant neurodegenerative disorders.
Keywords: miRNAs; Alzheimer’s disease; Parkinson’s disease; Huntington’s disease; Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; Lysosomal Storage Disorders
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Bicchi, I.; Morena, F.; Montesano, S.; Polidoro, M.; Martino, S. MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration. Genes 2013, 4, 244-263.
Bicchi I, Morena F, Montesano S, Polidoro M, Martino S. MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration. Genes. 2013; 4(2):244-263.
Bicchi, Ilaria; Morena, Francesco; Montesano, Simona; Polidoro, Mario; Martino, Sabata. 2013. "MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration." Genes 4, no. 2: 244-263.