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Genes 2011, 2(1), 219-228; doi:10.3390/genes2010219
Article

Hes1 Oscillations Contribute to Heterogeneous Differentiation Responses in Embryonic Stem Cells

1,2,*  and 1,2
Received: 17 December 2010 / Revised: 12 February 2011 / Accepted: 13 February 2011 / Published: 22 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Early Mouse Embryo as a Model Organism for Reprogramming)
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Abstract

Embryonic stem (ES) cells can differentiate into multiple types of cells belonging to all three germ layers. Although ES cells are clonally established, they display heterogeneous responses upon the induction of differentiation, resulting in a mixture of various types of differentiated cells. Our recent reports have shown that Hes1 regulates the fate choice of ES cells by repressing Notch signaling, and that the oscillatory expression of Hes1 contributes to various differentiation responses in ES cells. Here we discuss the mechanism regulating the intracellular dynamics in ES cells and how to trigger the lineage choice from pluripotent ES cells.
Keywords: ES cell; heterogeneity; differentiation; Hes1; oscillation ES cell; heterogeneity; differentiation; Hes1; oscillation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Kobayashi, T.; Kageyama, R. Hes1 Oscillations Contribute to Heterogeneous Differentiation Responses in Embryonic Stem Cells. Genes 2011, 2, 219-228.

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