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14-3-3 Proteins are Regulators of Autophagy
Cells 2013, 2(1), 83-104; doi:10.3390/cells2010083

Divergent Roles of Autophagy in Virus Infection

, 2
 and 1,*
Received: 17 September 2012 / Revised: 31 October 2012 / Accepted: 7 November 2012 / Published: 25 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autophagy)
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Abstract: Viruses have played an important role in human evolution and have evolved diverse strategies to co-exist with their hosts. As obligate intracellular pathogens, viruses exploit and manipulate different host cell processes, including cellular trafficking, metabolism and immunity-related functions, for their own survival. In this article, we review evidence for how autophagy, a highly conserved cellular degradative pathway, serves either as an antiviral defense mechanism or, alternatively, as a pro-viral process during virus infection. Furthermore, we highlight recent reports concerning the role of selective autophagy in virus infection and how viruses manipulate autophagy to evade lysosomal capture and degradation.
Keywords: selectively autophagy; virophagy; antiviral and proviral autophagy selectively autophagy; virophagy; antiviral and proviral autophagy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chiramel, A.I.; Brady, N.R.; Bartenschlager, R. Divergent Roles of Autophagy in Virus Infection. Cells 2013, 2, 83-104.

AMA Style

Chiramel AI, Brady NR, Bartenschlager R. Divergent Roles of Autophagy in Virus Infection. Cells. 2013; 2(1):83-104.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chiramel, Abhilash I.; Brady, Nathan R.; Bartenschlager, Ralf. 2013. "Divergent Roles of Autophagy in Virus Infection." Cells 2, no. 1: 83-104.

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