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Agronomy 2014, 4(1), 13-33; doi:10.3390/agronomy4010013

A Draft Genome Sequence for Ensete ventricosum, the Drought-Tolerant “Tree Against Hunger”

1 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Geoffrey Pope Building, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QD, UK 2 Southern Agricultural Research Institution (SARI). P.O. Box. 06, Hawassa, Ethiopia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 November 2013 / Revised: 9 January 2014 / Accepted: 14 January 2014 / Published: 17 January 2014
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We present a draft genome sequence for enset (Ensete ventricosum) available via the Sequence Read Archive (accession number SRX202265) and GenBank (accession number AMZH01. Enset feeds 15 million people in Ethiopia, but is arguably the least studied African crop. Our sequence data suggest a genome size of approximately 547 megabases, similar to the 523-megabase genome of the closely related banana (Musa acuminata). At least 1.8% of the annotated M. acuminata genes are not conserved in E. ventricosum. Furthermore, enset contains genes not present in banana, including reverse transcriptases and virus-like sequences as well as a homolog of the RPP8-like resistance gene. We hope that availability of genome-wide sequence data will stimulate and accelerate research on this important but neglected crop.
Keywords: enset; Ethiopia; drought-tolerance; Musaceae enset; Ethiopia; drought-tolerance; Musaceae
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Harrison, J.; Moore, K.A.; Paszkiewicz, K.; Jones, T.; Grant, M.R.; Ambacheew, D.; Muzemil, S.; Studholme, D.J. A Draft Genome Sequence for Ensete ventricosum, the Drought-Tolerant “Tree Against Hunger”. Agronomy 2014, 4, 13-33.

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