Cancers 2011, 3(3), 3242-3278; doi:10.3390/cancers3033242

Aberrant Signaling Pathways in Glioma

1,* email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 1,2email, 1email and 1email
Received: 12 July 2011; in revised form: 1 August 2011 / Accepted: 3 August 2011 / Published: 10 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer Signaling Pathways and Crosstalk)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a WHO grade IV malignant glioma, is the most common and lethal primary brain tumor in adults; few treatments are available. Median survival rates range from 12–15 months. The biological characteristics of this tumor are exemplified by prominent proliferation, active invasiveness, and rich angiogenesis. This is mainly due to highly deregulated signaling pathways in the tumor. Studies of these signaling pathways have greatly increased our understanding of the biology and clinical behavior of GBM. An integrated view of signal transduction will provide a more useful approach in designing novel therapies for this devastating disease. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of GBM signaling pathways with a focus on potential molecular targets for anti-signaling molecular therapies.
Keywords: glioblastoma; signaling; proliferation; invasion; angiogenesis; molecular target
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakada, M.; Kita, D.; Watanabe, T.; Hayashi, Y.; Teng, L.; Pyko, I.V.; Hamada, J.-I. Aberrant Signaling Pathways in Glioma. Cancers 2011, 3, 3242-3278.

AMA Style

Nakada M, Kita D, Watanabe T, Hayashi Y, Teng L, Pyko IV, Hamada J-I. Aberrant Signaling Pathways in Glioma. Cancers. 2011; 3(3):3242-3278.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakada, Mitsutoshi; Kita, Daisuke; Watanabe, Takuya; Hayashi, Yutaka; Teng, Lei; Pyko, Ilya V.; Hamada, Jun-Ichiro. 2011. "Aberrant Signaling Pathways in Glioma." Cancers 3, no. 3: 3242-3278.

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