Rational and Irrational Issues in Breast Cancer Screening
AbstractEvidence on the efficacy of breast screening from randomized controlled trials conducted in the last decades of the 1900s is reviewed. For decades, controversy about their results has centered on the magnitude of benefit in terms of breast cancer mortality reduction that can be achieved. However more recently, several expert bodies have estimated the benefits to be smaller than initially expected and concerns have been raised about screening consequences such as over-diagnosis and unnecessary treatment. Trials with substantial mortality reduction have been lauded and others with null effects have been critiqued. Critiques of the Canadian National Breast Screening Study are refuted. Extreme responses by screening advocates to the United States Preventive Services Task Force 2009 guidelines are described. The role vested interests play in determining health policy is clearly revealed in the response to the guidelines and should be more generally known. A general reluctance to explore unexpected results or to accept new paradigms is briefly discussed.
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Baines, C.J. Rational and Irrational Issues in Breast Cancer Screening. Cancers 2011, 3, 252-266.
Baines CJ. Rational and Irrational Issues in Breast Cancer Screening. Cancers. 2011; 3(1):252-266.Chicago/Turabian Style
Baines, Cornelia J. 2011. "Rational and Irrational Issues in Breast Cancer Screening." Cancers 3, no. 1: 252-266.