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Possible DNA Viral Factors of Human Breast Cancer
Department of Microbiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, 1, Jen Ai Road, Sec. 1, Taipei 100, Taiwan
Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, 110, Section 1, Chien-Kuo North Road, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
Department of Neurology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, 110, Section 1, Chien-Kuo North Road, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
School of Medical Laboratory and Biotechnology, Chung Shan Medical University, 110, Section 1, Chien-Kuo North Road, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, 110, Section 1, Chien-Kuo North Road, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
Dr. Chun-Ru Hsu and Dr. Tsong-Ming Lu contributed equally.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2010; in revised form: 3 April 2010 / Accepted: 12 April 2010 / Published: 13 April 2010
Abstract: Viruses are considered to be one of the high-risk factors closely related to human breast cancer. However, different studies of viruses in breast cancer present conflicting results and some of these works remain in dispute. DNA viruses, such as specific types of human papillomaviruses (HPV), Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), and human herpes virus type 8 (HHV-8), have emerged as causal factors of some human cancers. These respective exogenous viruses and the possibility of multiple viral factors are discussed in this review.
Keywords: Epstein–Barr virus; cytomegalovirus; herpes simplex virus; human herpes virus type 8; papillomaviruses
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hsu, C.-R.; Lu, T.-M.; Chin, L.W.; Yang, C.-C. Possible DNA Viral Factors of Human Breast Cancer. Cancers 2010, 2, 498-512.
Hsu C-R, Lu T-M, Chin LW, Yang C-C. Possible DNA Viral Factors of Human Breast Cancer. Cancers. 2010; 2(2):498-512.
Hsu, Chun-Ru; Lu, Tsong-Ming; Chin, Lengsu William; Yang, Chi-Chiang. 2010. "Possible DNA Viral Factors of Human Breast Cancer." Cancers 2, no. 2: 498-512.