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Micromachines 2018, 9(1), 10; doi:10.3390/mi9010010

Controllable Swarming and Assembly of Micro/Nanomachines

Research Center for Bioengineering and Sensing Technology, School of Chemistry and Biological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
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Received: 15 November 2017 / Revised: 10 December 2017 / Accepted: 25 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
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Abstract

Motion is a common phenomenon in biological processes. Major advances have been made in designing various self-propelled micromachines that harvest different types of energies into mechanical movement to achieve biomedicine and biological applications. Inspired by fascinating self-organization motion of natural creatures, the swarming or assembly of synthetic micro/nanomachines (often referred to micro/nanoswimmers, micro/nanorobots, micro/nanomachines, or micro/nanomotors), are able to mimic these amazing natural systems to help humanity accomplishing complex biological tasks. This review described the fuel induced methods (enzyme, hydrogen peroxide, hydrazine, et al.) and fuel-free induced approaches (electric, ultrasound, light, and magnetic) that led to control the assembly and swarming of synthetic micro/nanomachines. Such behavior is of fundamental importance in improving our understanding of self-assembly processes that are occurring on molecular to macroscopic length scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: collective behavior; micro/nanomotors; swarming behavior collective behavior; micro/nanomotors; swarming behavior
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Liu, C.; Xu, T.; Xu, L.-P.; Zhang, X. Controllable Swarming and Assembly of Micro/Nanomachines. Micromachines 2018, 9, 10.

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