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Micromachines 2017, 8(2), 49; doi:10.3390/mi8020049

Analysis of Liquid–Liquid Droplets Fission and Encapsulation in Single/Two Layer Microfluidic Devices Fabricated by Xurographic Method

1
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia
2
School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University Malaysia, 62200 Putrajaya, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia
3
Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo 315100, China
4
Research Centre for Fluids and Thermal Engineering, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo 315100, China
5
Research Group of Fluids and Thermal Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 December 2016 / Revised: 26 January 2017 / Accepted: 4 February 2017 / Published: 10 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insights and Advancements in Microfluidics)
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Abstract

This paper demonstrates a low cost fabrication approach for microscale droplet fission and encapsulation. Using a modified xurography method, rapid yet reliable microfluidic devices with flexible designs (single layer and double layer) are developed to enable spatial control of droplet manipulation. In this paper, two different designs are demonstrated, i.e., droplet fission (single layer) and droplet encapsulation (double layer). In addition, the current fabrication approach reduces the overall production interval with the introduction of a custom-made polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) aligner. Apart from that, the fabricated device is able to generate daughter droplets with the coefficient of variance (CV) below 5% and double emulsions with CV maintained within 10% without involvement of complex surface wettability modification. View Full-Text
Keywords: droplet manipulation; microfabrication; encapsulation; fission droplet manipulation; microfabrication; encapsulation; fission
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lim, C.N.; Koh, K.S.; Ren, Y.; Chin, J.K.; Shi, Y.; Yan, Y. Analysis of Liquid–Liquid Droplets Fission and Encapsulation in Single/Two Layer Microfluidic Devices Fabricated by Xurographic Method. Micromachines 2017, 8, 49.

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