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Micromachines 2016, 7(12), 220; doi:10.3390/mi7120220

A Study on the Influence of the Nozzle Lead Angle on the Performance of Liquid Metal Electromagnetic Micro-Jetting

1
Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
2
School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024, China
3
Department of Instrumental and Electrical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrew J. deMello and Xavier Casadevall i Solvas
Received: 10 November 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 29 November 2016 / Published: 5 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Droplet Microfluidics: Techniques and Technologies, Volume II)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6249 KB, uploaded 5 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

To improve the jetting performance of liquid metals, an electromagnetic micro-jetting (EMJ) valve that realizes drop-on-demand (DOD) jetting while not involving any valve core or moving parts was designed. The influence of the lead angle of the nozzle on the jetting of liquid metal gallium (Ga) was investigated. It was found that the Lorentz force component parallel to the nozzle that jets the electrified liquid Ga is always larger than its internal friction; thus, jet can be generated with any lead angle but with different kinetic energies. Experimental results show that the mass of the jetting liquid, the jetting distance, the initial velocity of the jet, and the resulting kinetic energy of the jet increase first and then decrease. When the lead angle is 90°, the mass of the jetting liquid and the kinetic energy are at their maximum. When the angle is 80°, the initial velocity achieves its maximum, with a calculated value of 0.042 m/s. Moreover, very close and comparatively high kinetic energies are obtained at 80° and 90°, indicating that angles in between this range can produce a preferable performance. This work provides an important theoretical basis for the design of the EMJ valve, and may promote the development and application of micro electromagnetic jetting technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: electromagnetic micro-jetting; micro-nozzle; lead angle; liquid metal; Lorentz force electromagnetic micro-jetting; micro-nozzle; lead angle; liquid metal; Lorentz force
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Luo, Z.; Zheng, G.; Wang, L. A Study on the Influence of the Nozzle Lead Angle on the Performance of Liquid Metal Electromagnetic Micro-Jetting. Micromachines 2016, 7, 220.

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