Design and Analysis of a High Force, Low Voltage and High Flow Rate Electro-Thermal Micropump
AbstractThis paper presents the design and simulation of an improved electro-thermal micromachined pump for drug delivery applications. Thermal actuators, which are a type of Micro Electro Mechanical system (MEMS) device, are highly useful because of their ability to deliver with great force and displacement. Thus, our structure is based on a thermal actuator that exploits the Joule heating effect and has been improved using the springy length properties of MEMS chevron beams. The Joule heating effect results in a difference in temperature and therefore displacement in the beams (actuators). Simulation results show that a maximum force of 4.4 mN and a maximum flow rate of 16 μL/min can be obtained by applying an AC voltage as low as 8 V at different frequencies ranging from 1 to 32 Hz. The maximum temperature was a problem at the chevron beams and the center shaft. Thus, to locally increase the temperature of the chevron beams alone and not that of the pumping diaphragm: (1) The air gaps 2 μm underneath and above the device layer were optimized for heat transfer. (2) Release holes and providing fins were created at the center shaft and actuator, respectively, to decrease the temperature by approximately 10 °C. (3) We inserted and used a polymer tube to serve as an insulator and eliminate leakage problems in the fluidic channel. View Full-Text
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Yosefi, G.; Mirzakuchaki, S.; Raissi, F.; Afrang, S. Design and Analysis of a High Force, Low Voltage and High Flow Rate Electro-Thermal Micropump. Micromachines 2014, 5, 1323-1341.
Yosefi G, Mirzakuchaki S, Raissi F, Afrang S. Design and Analysis of a High Force, Low Voltage and High Flow Rate Electro-Thermal Micropump. Micromachines. 2014; 5(4):1323-1341.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yosefi, Ghader; Mirzakuchaki, Sattar; Raissi, Farshid; Afrang, Saeid. 2014. "Design and Analysis of a High Force, Low Voltage and High Flow Rate Electro-Thermal Micropump." Micromachines 5, no. 4: 1323-1341.