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Micromachines 2014, 5(1), 81-96; doi:10.3390/mi5010081
Article

A Single-Cell Study of a Highly Effective Hog1 Inhibitor for in Situ Yeast Cell Manipulation

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Received: 11 November 2013; in revised form: 20 January 2014 / Accepted: 6 February 2014 / Published: 19 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro/Nanofluidic Devices for Single Cell Analysis)
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Abstract: We present a single cell study of a highly effective Hog1 inhibitor. For this application, we used sequential treatment of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell array, with the Hog1 inhibitor and osmotic stress. For this purpose, a four-inlet microfluidic chamber with controlled introduction of two different cell strains within the same experimental setting and a subsequent rapid switching between treatments was designed. Multiple cell strains within the same experiment is a unique feature which is necessary for determining the expected absent cellular response. The nuclear translocation of the cytosolic MAPK, Hog1, was monitored by fluorescence imaging of Hog1-GFP on a single-cell level. An optical tweezers setup was used for controlled cell capture and array formation. Nuclear Hog1-GFP localization was impaired for treated cells, providing evidence of a congenial microfluidic setup, where the control cells within the experiments validated its appropriateness. The chamber enables multiple treatments with incubation times in the order of seconds and the possibility to remove either of the treatments during measurement. This flexibility and the possibility to use internal control cells ensures it a valuable scientific tool for unraveling the HOG pathway, similar signal transduction pathways and other biological mechanisms where temporal resolution and real time imaging is a prerequisite.
Keywords: microfluidics; single-cell analysis; MAPK; inhibitor; optical trapping; cell-to-cell variability; system biology; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; HOG; optical tweezers microfluidics; single-cell analysis; MAPK; inhibitor; optical trapping; cell-to-cell variability; system biology; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; HOG; optical tweezers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Blomqvist, C.H.; Dinér, P.; Grøtli, M.; Goksör, M.; Adiels, C.B. A Single-Cell Study of a Highly Effective Hog1 Inhibitor for in Situ Yeast Cell Manipulation. Micromachines 2014, 5, 81-96.

AMA Style

Blomqvist CH, Dinér P, Grøtli M, Goksör M, Adiels CB. A Single-Cell Study of a Highly Effective Hog1 Inhibitor for in Situ Yeast Cell Manipulation. Micromachines. 2014; 5(1):81-96.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Blomqvist, Charlotte H.; Dinér, Peter; Grøtli, Morten; Goksör, Mattias; Adiels, Caroline B. 2014. "A Single-Cell Study of a Highly Effective Hog1 Inhibitor for in Situ Yeast Cell Manipulation." Micromachines 5, no. 1: 81-96.


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