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A Bi-Directional Out-of-Plane Actuator by Electrostatic Force
School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
State Key Lab of Optical Technologies for Microfabrication, Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610209, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2013; in revised form: 21 August 2013 / Accepted: 30 October 2013 / Published: 5 December 2013
Abstract: Presented in this paper is a bi-directional out-of-plane actuator which combines the merits of the electrostatic repulsive principle and the electrostatic attractive principle. By taking advantage of the electrostatic repulsive mode, the common “pull-in” instability can be lessened to enlarge the displacement, and by applying the electrostatic attractive mode, the out-of-plane displacement is further enlarged. The implications of changing the actuator’s physical dimensions are discussed, along with the two-layer polysilicon surface microfabrication process used to fabricate such an actuator. The static characteristics of the out-of-plane displacement versus the voltage of both modes are tested, and displacements of 1.4 μm and 0.63 μm are obtained at 130 V and 15 V, respectively. Therefore, a total stroke of 2.03 μm is achieved, more than 3 fold that of the electrostatic attractive mode, making this actuator useful in optical Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and Radio Frequency (RF) MEMS applications.
Keywords: MEMS; out-of-plane actuator; electrostatic repulsive force; bi-directional; microfabrication; adaptive optics
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Ren, H.; Wang, W.; Tao, F.; Yao, J. A Bi-Directional Out-of-Plane Actuator by Electrostatic Force. Micromachines 2013, 4, 431-443.
Ren H, Wang W, Tao F, Yao J. A Bi-Directional Out-of-Plane Actuator by Electrostatic Force. Micromachines. 2013; 4(4):431-443.
Ren, Hao; Wang, Weimin; Tao, Fenggang; Yao, Jun. 2013. "A Bi-Directional Out-of-Plane Actuator by Electrostatic Force." Micromachines 4, no. 4: 431-443.