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Micromachines 2012, 3(2), 492-508; doi:10.3390/mi3020492
Article

Optical Spectrum and Electric Field Waveform Dependent Optically-Induced Dielectrophoretic (ODEP) Micro-Manipulation

1,2
, 1,2
, 1
, 1,3
 and 1,4,*
1 State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 114 Nanta Str., Shenhe Dist., Shenyang 110016, China 2 The Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19A Yuquanlu, Beijing 100049, China 3 Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan 4 Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong Shatin, NT, Hong Kong
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2012 / Revised: 1 May 2012 / Accepted: 2 May 2012 / Published: 16 May 2012
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Abstract

In the last seven years, optoelectronic tweezers using optically-induced dielectrophoretic (ODEP) force have been explored experimentally with much success in manipulating micro/nano objects. However, not much has been done in terms of in-depth understanding of the ODEP-based manipulation process or optimizing the input physical parameters to maximize ODEP force. We present our work on analyzing two significant influencing factors in generating ODEP force on a-Si:H based ODEP chips: (1) the waveforms of the AC electric potential across the fluidic medium in an ODEP chip based microfluidic platform; and (2) optical spectrum of the light image projected onto the ODEP chip. Theoretical and simulation results indicate that when square waves are used as the AC electric potential instead of sine waves, ODEP force can double. Moreover, numerical results show that ODEP force increases with increasing optical frequency of the projected light on an ODEP chip following the Fermi-Dirac function, validating that the optically-induced dielectrophoresis force depends strongly on the electron-hole carrier generation phenomena in optoelectronic materials. Qualitative experimental results that validate the numerical results are also presented in this paper.
Keywords: optically-induced dielectrophoresis; ODEP force; dielectrophoresis; DEP force; micro-manipulation; micro-assembly optically-induced dielectrophoresis; ODEP force; dielectrophoresis; DEP force; micro-manipulation; micro-assembly
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, W.; Wang, S.; Dong, Z.; Lee, G.-B.; Li, W.J. Optical Spectrum and Electric Field Waveform Dependent Optically-Induced Dielectrophoretic (ODEP) Micro-Manipulation. Micromachines 2012, 3, 492-508.

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